Step 3: what is the broad category of disability? ESSENTIAL

Step one: Is there an adjustment?

IS THERE AN ADJUSTMENT?

Step 2: What is the level of adjustment?

WHAT IS THE LEVEL OF ADJUSTMENT?

Step 3: What is the category of disability?

WHAT IS THE CATEGORY OF DISABILITY?

Step4: How do you record and submit the data?

HOW DO YOU RECORD AND SUBMIT THE DATA?

 

As well as identifying the level of reasonable adjustment being provided for each student identified for inclusion in the national data collection, schools are asked to identify the broad category of disability for each student from one of four categories:

  • physical
  • cognitive
  • sensory
  • social/emotional

Guidance on determining the broad category of disability is provided below and in the Strategies to support decision making resource.

Multiple disabilities

If a student has multiple disabilities, you should select whichever disability category has the greatest impact, based on your professional judgement, on the student’s education and is the main driver of adjustments to support their access and participation.

Definitions of disability

The table outlines the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 definition of disability, the Australian Human Rights Commission interpretation and the broad disability categories that are used in the national data collection.

Some of the DDA descriptors appear more than once, as a disability may manifest itself in different forms.

Definitions from the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 and the Disability Standards for Education 2005 Australian Human Rights Commission interpretation of the DDA definition Broad disability categories used in the national data collection on students with disability
b) total or partial loss of a part of the body

neurological

physical

physical disfigurement

the presence in the body of disease-causing organisms

physical
e) the malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of a part of the person's body
c) the presence in the body of organisms causing disease or illness
d) the presence in the body of organisms capable of causing disease or illness
a) total or partial loss of the person's bodily or mental functions

intellectual

learning disabilities

cognitive
f) a disorder or malfunction that results in the person learning differently from a person without the disorder or malfunction
a) total or partial loss of the person's bodily or mental functions sensory

sensory

e) the malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of a part of the person's body
g) a disorder, illness or disease that affects the person's thought processes, perception of reality, emotions or judgement, or that results in disturbed behaviour psychiatric social/emotional

Download a table showing the broad categories of disability (PDF).

The case studies on this website work through the 4 steps of the national data collection process: Case studies matrix

Do you have evidence to support the student's inclusion in the data collection?

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